Phyllostachys nigra

The famous Black Bamboo, Phyllostachys nigra is probably the most sought after decorative landscape bamboo.  Reaching decent heights, the canes emerge in the spring a normal green color.  As they age, the canes slowly develop black markings at the nodes, then slowly turn all black.  There are numerous forms of Black Bamboo, some, like the famous 'Daikokuchiku' form from California, supposedly reach larger sizes, and turn black quickly.  Some forms take up to 3 years to turn a solid black.  There are forms that turn a muddy brown, rather than deep jet black, forms that have specks of dark like an over ripe banana, some have splotches of dark, stripes of dark, or that turn dark only in specific areas like the groove above the branches. 

Much argument has ensued about the many forms of black bamboo, and only the distinct forms are considered individual varieties and are named.  There are many being sold that may or may not be of different type than the standard Black Bamboo, leading to much confusion among newcomers to the bamboo hobby.

Care requirements for Phyllostachys nigra
  • Light- Part Shade to mostly sun.  In areas of intense summer sun, nigra holds its best color in patial shade.
  • Water- Moderate water requirement, low once established
  • Temperature- down to 0F
  • Size- Can reach 35' tall. Canes can be up to 2 1/2" diameter. *NOTE* There are vast claims made of differing forms of black bamboo, from varieties that achieve much larger sizes, to much smaller.  Many of these claims may be due to growth conditions, and do not reflect the growth that you may see.  If considering Black bambo as a landscape plant, use the sizes above as an estimate of what you can expect.
  • Running Bamboo- use containment methods to control growth as needed- Rhizome Pruning Methods

want more photos and info?  click here- Phyllostachys nigra


Ordering Infomost bamboos we have are available in one gallon, three gallon and five gallon nursery pots.  Not all sizes of all species are available at all times, so the best way to order is to email us from our contact page with the species and size you are interested in.